Daikon Radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. longipinnatus) is one of the quicker-growing species, that can be harvested in only 6 days. They have bright cream-white stems and vibrant olive-green cotyledons. Just like regular radish, Daikon has a crunchy mild radish flavor, perfect for salads that need that extra punch of flavor.
Common Name: Daikon Radish
Scientific Name: Raphanus sativus L. var. longipinnatus
Other Names: Japanese radish, White radish
Family Name: Brassicaceae
Flavor: Mild Pungent, Piquant Flavor
Seed Rate: 25g-30g per 10″ x 20″ tray
Seeds Per in2: 0.125g-0.15g
Avg. Yeild/1020 Tray: 275-345g
Weight Duration: 2-3 Days
Germination Time: 2-3 Days
Blackout Time: 1-2 Days
Harvest Time: 5-7 Days
Growing Difficulty: Easy
Did You Know
Manabu Oono (Japan) grew the world’s heaviest radish weighing in at 31.1 kg (68 lb 9 oz) with a circumference of 119 cm (46.8 in). Manabu set the Guinness world record on 9 February 2003 at the Sakurajima Radish Contest, Kagoshima, Japan.
Plant Details &
How To Grow Daikon Radish Microgreens
Radish is a very popular fast growing microgreen, and Daikon Radish is no exception. It’s ready for harvest in only 6 days but you can grow them for longer depending on your preferred flavor profile.
The succulent mild pungent flavor is perfect for many dishes such as sandwiches, salads, stirfries, or as a garnish. It’s a fantastic microgreen for beginners with a short growth period. Let’s get started!
Step 1 Measuring & Preparing Your Daikon Seeds
First, you need to measure your seeds using a scale. The best seeding rate for a 10″ × 20″ tray is 25-35 grams. If you plan to grow them in a 10″ × 10″ tray then simply divide the total amount by two, in this case, 12.5-17.5 grams.
If you’re a renegade like me you can just eyeball it without weighing, just make sure that your seeds are approx ⅛-¼” (3-6mm) apart.
Once you’ve measured out your seeds you do not need to wash and pre-soak them. This is because daikon radish seeds are small about 3-4mm in diameter, and wetting them will make it a nightmare to spread them evenly on your growing medium.
Step 2 Sowing Your Seeds
Fill your tray with your preferred medium, it can be soil, potting mix, coco coir, etc, leaving 1-2cm of empty space from the tray edge to the soil level.
Leaving a small space between the tray edge and grow medium helps when it comes to harvesting, minimizing the chance of digging into the medium with your knife.
Mist your medium with a spray bottle so it’s damp but not saturated and finally spread your seeds evenly across the medium making sure they’re evenly spread out. Lastly, mist your seeds so they’re all covered with a fine mist of water.
Step 3 Germination & Weight Period
Grab an empty tray with no holes and place it on top of your sowed seeds. I use a 15lb (6.80kg) paving block for 10″ × 20″ trays or a 7lb (3.17 kg) brick on 10″ × 10″ trays.
This helps the seed radicle to bury into the medium when it emerges. Without weight, the radicles have a tougher time digging into the growing medium.
Keep in mind that the seeds will germinate while they’re covered and weighed down. A lot of people confuse the germination and weight period to be independent of one another and that you add them together, this is incorrect.
The germination time is there to give you an idea by what time the seeds will germinate, but you don’t add the germination time and blackout period together.
While your seeds are germinating and are weighed down you will need to keep your medium moist. You can do this by lightly misting your seeds every 12 hours, once in the morning and once at night.
Step 4 Blackout Time
After 2-3 days of weight period, the seeds should have germinated and the seedlings should now be lifting the tray with the weight in it. It’s now time to remove the weight and start the blackout period.
Take out the weight from your empty tray and flip it upside down to create a blackout dome and place it back over your seeds.
Keeping them in the dark for 1-2 days will force the freshly sprouted seedlings to stretch and search for light allowing them to get some height.
You can now start bottom watering your microgreens. To do this you simply add water to your bottom drain tray. I personally add 1 cup of water twice a day (every 12 hours), once in the morning and once in the evening.
When the 1-2 days of blackout time have passed you can remove the top tray/blackout dome and introduce your microgreens to light. I’ve found that 17 hours under lights and 7 hours with the lights off work well for me.
Grow your daikon radish anywhere from 5-7 days, following with daily watering of 2 cups per day, once every 12 hours.
Step 5 Harvest
Harvesting your daikon radish microgreens is easy and you only need a sharp knife. I personally love and recommend the Green Mercer Produce Knife. If you prefer using scissors then you can’t go wrong with these heavy duty scissors!
Just make sure your knife or scissors are not coming into contact with your soil while you’re cutting to avoid contaminating your crop with dirt.
Plant Details & Taxonomy
Daikon (Japanese dai, meaning large, and kon, meaning root) Raphanus sativus L. var. longipinnatus is an upright annual or biennial with a large white napiform root. The seed weight of daikon radish ranges from 90-140 seeds per gram.
It’s one of the easiest and fastest-growing microgreen varieties, perfect for beginners due to its relatively low maintenance needs. Daikon is a fabulous microgreen due to its fresh crispy pungent flavor, an excellent addition to salads that need that kick of peppery flavor or in a sandwich that’s missing that crunch!
|Kingdom||Plantae – Plants|
|Subkingdom||Tracheobionta – Vascular plants|
|Superdivision||Spermatophyta – Seed plants|
|Division||Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants|
|Class||Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons|
|Family||Brassicaceae – Mustard family
|Genus||Raphanus L. – radish
|Species||Raphanus sativus L. – cultivated radish
|Variety||Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus|
|Common Names||Daikon, Daikon Radish, Mooli, White Radish, Winter Radish, Oriental Radish, Long White Radish, Japanese Radish, Chinese White Radish, Icicle Radish, Oilseed Radish|
Microgreen Pests & Diseases
The following are the most common pests and diseases that can affect your microgreens.
White Mold – Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a necrotrophic fungal disease that causes what’s known as white mold, it can infect over 400 plant species worldwide. It’s also called cottony soft rot, stem rot, watery soft rot, crown rot, and seedling blight.
S. sclerotiorum key properties are its ability to create sclerotia which are its black resting structures, and mycelium which are the white fuzzy spiderweb-like growths you see on stems and growing medium.
Damping-off is an umbrella term that covers fungi and fungi-like organisms in several genera including Rhizoctonia, Botrytis, Phytophthora, and Fusarium, with the soil fungus Pythium being the often culprit.
Damping-off is a soil-borne fungal disease that affects seeds and seedlings typically by rotting of the stems and roots at and below the soil surface.
When a seed germinates the seedling will emerge fine but within 24 hours to a few days will become mushy and water-soaked, collapse at the base of the stem and die.
Aphids – Aphidoidea
Aphids suck! Quite literally. They’re soft-bodied insects that use their piercing-sucking mouths to feed on plants and there are over 4,000 aphid species in the world.
Other common names are greenflies, blackflies, and plant lice. They come in varying colors such as light green, black, white, brown, gray, or yellow.
When aphids feed on plants they secrete a sticky fluid which is called honeydew (no, don’t eat it). This goo they leave behind drips onto plants and can attract other pests such as ants. If the honeydew is left on leaves it can promote black sooty mold.
Daikon Radish Nutrition Facts
Daikon radish microgreens are packed with essential nutrients. They offer a rich source of vitamins and minerals that are vital for maintaining good health. These microgreens have a significant amount of vitamin C, which helps boost your immune system, as well as a good supply of vitamin B6 which aids in various bodily functions. They also provide potassium for maintaining fluid balance and supporting muscle function.
Moreover, daikon radish microgreens contain important minerals like calcium for strong bones and iron for carrying oxygen throughout the body. In addition to all this goodness, they are also a great source of dietary fiber, which promotes healthy digestion. Including these microgreens in your diet is an easy and nutritious way to increase your overall nutrient intake.
Nutrition value per 100 g. (Source: USDA National Nutrient database)
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)||0.02||mg||2%|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0.02||mg||2%|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||0.2||mg||1%|
|Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxin)||0.046||mg||4%|
|Lutein + zeaxanthin||0||µg||0.00%|
Recommended Seed Providers
I highly recommend True Leaf Market and SeedsNow for all your seed needs. Their wide selection of high-quality seeds and exceptional customer service make them the go-to choice for both novice and experienced gardeners alike.
True Leaf Market
For over 45 years True Leaf Market has been a provider of high-quality seeds both GMO and NON-GMO organic seeds. They also provide phytosanitary certificates if you need to import seeds to a country outside of the US.
SeedsNow is a family-run company, with the aim of assisting individuals, families, and communities in preparing for the future through the promotion of an organic and self-sustainable lifestyle. All their seeds are completely free from any genetic modifications, making them heirlooms, open-pollinated (OP), raw, natural, and untreated. Additionally, they do provide a selection of hybrid varieties on their website which will be clearly labeled as such in the product listings.
Buy Daikon Radish Microgreen Seeds
Daikon radish have bright cream-white stems and vibrant olive-green cotyledons. Just like regular radish, Daikon has a crunchy mild radish flavor, perfect for salads that need that extra punch of flavor. Add a touch of freshness and a pop of color to your dishes by ordering Daikon Radish microgreen seeds today.
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Microgreen Grow Trays
For my personal home use, these microgreen trays are my go to. Measuring around 12.2 x 9.06 x 1.77 inches (31 x 23 x 4.5 cm), these trays are perfectly suited for cultivating microgreens in a home microgreen grow room. What’s more, they’re durable, and cleaning them is a walk in the park, making them an all-around convenient choice.
1020 Microgreen Trays – Shallow Extra Strength Colors
Industry leading BootStrap Farmers 1020 microgreen trays! Designed with long lasting durability in mind, these colorful trays are built to withstand years of use and abuse. With a height of 1¼ inches (3.2 cm), these shallow trays make harvests easy, saving you time and increasing your yield. The trays come equipped with 36 drainage holes that effectively remove excess water, promoting a healthy growing environment and preventing mold growth. If you’re serious about growing microgreens and want the best trays available on the market, these trays are it!